Nigerian - The 419 Coalition Website The Nigerian Scam
Defined

A Five Billion US$ (to date) worldwide Scam which has run for the last Ten Years under
Successive Governments of Nigeria. It is also referred to as "Advance Fee Fraud", "419 Fraud"
(Four-One-Nine) after the relevant section of the U.S. Criminal Code of Nigeria, and "The Fax
Scam."

The Scam operates as follows: the target receives an unsolicited fax or letter from
Nigeria
containing either a money laundering or other illegal proposal OR you may receive a Legal and
Legitimate business proposal by normal means. Common variations on the Scam include
"overinvoiced" or "double invoiced" oil or other supply and service contracts where your Bad
Guys want to get the overage out of Nigeria; crude oil and other commodity deals; a "bequest"
left you in a will; and "money cleaning" where your Bad Guy has a lot of currency that needs to
be "chemically cleaned" before it can be used and he needs the cost of the chemicals. Or the
victim will just be stiffed on a legitimate goods or services contract...the variations are very
creative and virtually endless.

At some point, the victim is asked to pay up front an Advance Fee of some sort, be it an
"Advance Fee", "Transfer Tax", "Performance Bond", or to extend credit, grant COD privileges,
whatever. If the victim pays the Fee, there are many "Complications" which require still more
advance payments until the victim either quits, runs out of money, or both. If the victim
extends credit etc. he may also pay such fees ("nerfund" etc.), and then he is stiffed with NO
Effective Recourse.

The Nigerian Scam is, according to published reports, the Third largest industry in
Nigeria. Our
research demonstrates rather conclusively that, in effect, successive Governments of
Nigeria
ARE the Scammers - therefore, victims have little recourse in this matter, and monies stolen by
419 operations are almost Never Recovered from
Nigeria.

Another Nigerian Scam Report

A client of mine from
Korea just received a proposal from Col. Yusef Saraki in Nigeria claiming
that the Nigerian government was just overturned.  The
Col. is presently under house arrest
and his assets have been frozen by the new regime.  He needs to transfer a total sum of
US$60M to an offshore non-resident bank account.  In order for him to do so he needs my
client to sign a document as "next to kin" and pay $200.00 a day until the funds are wire
transferred to my client's account.  Of course, Col. Saraki needs a "small" amount of
advancement fee (approximately 30 days worth) until the wire transfer is completed.  He
further claims that upon completion of the wire transfer to my client, he will somehow find a
way to escape
Nigeria and move to Korea with his family.  He insists that this is a life/death
matter therefore, the entire transaction must be completed within two weeks.  He has provided
my client with a fax copy of the Bilateral Agreement between Col. Saraki and the Securities
Investor Protection Corporation in
Johannesburg, South Africa and some other "fake" affidavit.  


I would appreciate your posting the above scam in your website and alert everyone.  Be aware
of this
Col. Yusef Saraki individual and Securities Investor Protection Corporation entity.

R. W. Bae - Attorney at Law - Dec 12/98.

New Twist on Nigerian Scam

Nigerian Crime Syndicates have added a new dimension to the fraudulent letter scheme known
as 'fraud 419' which has netted an estimated amount in excess of one billion US dollars from
gullible victims since the worldwide scheme was first reported in 1989.

Reports received by INTERPOL indicate that the criminals are becoming so brazen and
confident that they are contacting earlier victims of the fraud and are posing as Nigerian
government officials investigating the fraud in a so-called attempt to get the victims' money
back upon payment of an upfront fee.

"INTERPOL wants to try and minimise the potential danger of this new dimension to the fraud
scheme by warning victims to be on their guard against any such approach," said Mr Serge
Sabourin, Head of INTERPOL's Communication and Public Relations Sub-Directorate.

"Up to now not a lot of success has been achieved in bringing these criminals to trial and we
feel that proactive warnings and increased awareness concerning this fraud scheme can possibly
limit the extent of the fraud," Mr Sabourin went on to say.

The manner in which the crime is perpetrated makes prosecution very difficult. The victims are
usually businessmen and other individuals from all over the world who either receive letters or a
facsimile and
are led to believe that a substantial commission, payable in US dollars, can be

earned for allowing the use of their bank account into which money will be transferred from
Nigeria. The commissions vary from two to 25 million US dollars.

The letters explain that the money is from delayed approved contract payments by the past
civilian administration in
Nigeria to certain companies which have abandoned repayment claims.
It  alleges that the present military government is now paying these previously frozen monies
but that the civil servants involved are apparently attempting to keep the funds for themselves.

The signatories of the letters claim to be acting as middlemen and request that the victim
supplies signed and stamped blank company letterheads and blank invoices together with bank
details such as account numbers,addresses, telephone and facsimile numbers.

Upon receipt of replies together with the requested documents, the victims are requested to
transfer the money to pay for transfer taxes, contract and attorney fees allegedly demanded by
the Central Bank of
Nigeria. Part of the advances are supposedly used for bribing officials.

The scheme varies from oil transactions to claims on deceased estates, the exportation of US
dollar bills in mint form, disposal of toxic waste and others.

Obviously, no money is ever received, resulting in a total loss to the company or individual.

It appears that the countries bordering
Nigeria are now being used for posting the scheme
letters and even to meet potential victims.

The Nigerian Federal Police have set up a special unit to investigate the scheme but due to the
reluctance of victims to travel to
Nigeria, prosecutions are difficult to institute.

The General Secretariat of INTERPOL maintain a file on reported cases but, due to the
difficulties encountered in investigating such cases, active measures are being taken to create
global  awareness in an attempt to prevent people from falling victim to the scheme. The
scheme has continued unabated and cases emanating from
Japan are now being reported.

Mr Sabourin states that the prospect of receiving commissions of millions of US dollars lures
individuals to participate in this scheme and it is clear that the gullibility and greed of
prospective victims clouds their judgement.

"The first logical preventive measure to take is never to divulge your bank account details or
any other personal details to anyone," said Mr Sabourin.

Any approach should be reported to the local police with all documents received being handed
in. The local police can refer the matter to their INTERPOL National Central Bureau (NCB), who
will in turn  notify the Nigerian Federal Police